Diet № 7
May 31, 2018
As a rule, these are especially strict diets that should ensure the shudder of the cardiovascular system, kidneys and with it all the digestive organs. They contribute to the creation and maintenance of favorable conditions for blood circulation, removal from the body of under-oxidized metabolic products and nitrogen slags. They are also considered useful for the prevention of inflammatory processes.
The main requirement for all these diets is the absence or a sharp restriction on this or that period of substances that excite the nervous system and help retain excess fluid in the body. Therefore, do not include pickles, smoked products, marinades, natural coffee, chocolate, cocoa, strong tea, mushrooms, fried second courses and first dishes of meat, fish and mushroom broths, sausages, cabbage, legumes, carbonated water. The severity and duration of such restrictions depends on the nature, severity of the disease, age, general condition of the patient and in all cases are regulated by the attending physician. Useful dried apricots, apricots, raisins, apples, black currants, light green tea with milk.
The most severe of these diets is No. 7y, which is prescribed in severe forms of kidney failure and provides for the exclusion of not only salt, but also protein products from the diet.
Cooking - all dishes are boiled, steamed and cooked with low-salted or unsalted at all. The first dishes - only in Tarian or dairy.
Acute and chronic glomerulonephritis in the phase of abatement of inflammatory phenomena without pronounced impairment of renal function.
Intended purpose .Creation of the most favorable conditions for the kidney function in their inflammatory lesions, increasing the effectiveness of treatment by improving metabolic processes in the tissues of the kidneys and other organs, the antiallergic effect of the diet, and improving urine output.
General characteristic. The diet is salt-free, which includes only the natural background of the salt of the original food products( no more than 2-3 grams in the daily diet).Significantly reduced the content of proteins, especially animals, reduced the content of fats and carbohydrates. Restriction of common salt and simple carbohydrates has a desensitizing( antiallergic) effect of the diet, favorably affects the reduction of inflammatory phenomena in the kidneys. Essentially increased dietary content of vitamins, especially ascorbic acid, group B, A. The culinary possibilities of the diet have been expanded, vegetables, fruits, herbs, spices added, which increase the appetite of the patient, favorably affect the digestive function. A mode of a food fractional - 5-6 times a day.
Culinary processing. Food is cooked in boiled, steam, baked form;it is allowed to fry in a creamy and vegetable oil( without over-frying).The temperature of food is normal.
Chemical composition and calorie content. Proteins 80-90 g( of which 50% of animals), fats 80-90 g( of which animals are not more than 70%), carbohydrates 400-450 g. Caloric content is 2800-3000 kcal. Food is prepared without table salt. The amount of vitamin C is increased( in comparison with the physiological norm of a healthy person) by 2-2.5 times, vitamin Bi by 40%, vitamin B1 by 30, vitamin A by 50%.Total amount of free liquid up to 1 liter.
Bread and bakery products-protein-free bread made from maize starch, white wheat bran( baked without salt).
Soups - different - with sago, vegetables, fruits, vegetarian, prepared without salt. Meat and fish dishes - low-fat varieties of meat( beef, veal, rabbit, chicken, turkey), fish( pike perch, pike, navaga, perch, roach) in cooked form and then frying, chopped or chopped.
Eggs and egg products - protein omelets and for cooking various dishes( no more than 1 egg a day).
Milk and milk products-whole milk, kefir, acidophilus, curdled milk, sour cream, cream, low-fat cottage cheese( all in limited quantities).
Vegetables, greens - potatoes, carrots, beets, cauliflower, lettuce, tomatoes, fresh cucumbers, parsley, dill, green onions - boiled and in-kind.
Fruits, berries, sweets-any fruit, berries in natural( raw) and boiled form;especially recommended watermelon, melon, pumpkin;jelly, puree-mousse, cooked on swelling starch;sugar, honey, jam, jams.
Cereals and pasta - limited. Instead, they give dishes from sago and special pasta on water, milk in the form of cereals, puddings, casseroles, cutlets, pilaf.
Fats are different, except for refractory( lamb, pork, beef).
Snacks-vinaigrette with vegetable oil, vegetable and fruit salads, cold veal, jellied fish, cheese, mild. Sauces and spices-dairy, tomato, protein-free sauces, vegetable marinade with tomato sauce. Sweet and sour vegetable and fruit gravies;with the exception of meat, fish and mushroom broths.
Drinks and juices - tea is not strong, tea with milk, diluted 1: 1, fruit, berry and vegetable juices, broth of wild rose.
Prohibited: sauces on meat, fish and mushroom decoctions;refractory fats( lamb, pork, beef).
1st breakfast - curd cheese( 120 g), porridge buckwheat crumbly with butter, tea with milk.
2nd breakfast - pumpkin porridge with semolina.
Lunch - vegetarian borsch( 1/2 portion), boiled meat, fried potatoes, compote from fresh fruit prefabricated.
Snack-bits are carrot-apple baked. Dinner-pilaf fruit( 1/2 servings).
For the night-jelly from prunes 1 glass).
For the whole day - bread bran without salt 250 g, sugar 50 g, butter 20 g, fruit fresh 300 g.