Depressive syndrome: symptoms and treatment of depressive-suicidal, nervous and depressive-delusional syndromes
May 28, 2018
Depressive syndrome is a pathological state of the psyche, characterized by a decrease in motor and mental activity, a depressed mood, somatic disorders. Among the mental disorders, the syndrome is in second place in terms of prevalence, the first place is occupied by asthenia. About 10 people out of 100 who suffer from a depressive syndrome commit suicide.
Symptoms of the Depression Syndrome
Symptoms of the depressive syndrome are closely related to various physical diseases and disorders. It often happens that the patient is treated for years by various doctors from a variety of diseases, without realizing that he suffers from a mental disorder.
The most common symptoms are:
1. Oppressed mood;
2. Lack of appetite;
3. A person falls asleep with great difficulty, sees anxious dreams;
4. Poor health in the morning, lethargy, weakness;
5. Problems with concentration and memory;
6. Constant feeling of self-doubt.
If you do not contact a specialist in time by identifying these symptoms, the disease can go to more severe stages:
1. Feeling of heaviness in the chest, "moral pain";
2. Indifference to family and close people, devaluation of feelings;
3. Depressively delusional syndrome.
Treatment of depressive syndrome
Depressions in an easy form do not require hospitalization, in contrast to severe, pronounced, neglected forms, when treatment with antidepressants and tranquilizers is indicated.
If the condition is complicated by hallucinations and delusions, the treatment is complemented by neuroleptics.
A little easier with seasonal depressive syndrome, it helps prevent the resumption of symptoms by preventive medication.
The main danger of the disease is in the suicidal tendencies of patients suffering from a depressive syndrome, therefore they must be constantly under the supervision of a doctor.
The mild form of depression is treated by methods of psychotherapy in combination with herbs and vitamins.
Schizophrenia and the nervously depressed syndrome
Very often in schizophrenia, there are signs of depression. Many experts believe that depressive syndrome is one of the hallmarks of schizophrenia.
Recognizing a nervously depressive syndrome in schizophrenia is very important, as it not only increases the patient's suffering, but is often a harbinger of a suicide attempt.
Symptoms of depression in schizophrenia should be differentiated from other mental illnesses, such as schizoaffective disorders, various kinds of central nervous system lesions, and negative symptoms in schizophrenia.
In many cases, depression is a person's reaction to the diagnosis of schizophrenia itself. As a result, the oppressed state appears and the desire to live disappears.
The diagnosis of schizophrenia is a very heavy psychological burden, so the emergence of demoralization and total disillusionment in life is understandable. An acute depressive reaction, lasting less than ten days, does not require medical treatment, prescribes maintenance therapy and a change in the situation.
Depressive suicidal syndrome
Another type of depressive syndrome is suicidal.
Depressive suicidal syndrome usually occurs as a result of too much emotional overload and is allowed to commit suicide.
Often depressive-suicidal syndrome occurs on the basis of various mental illnesses: delusional syndrome, panic disorder( in acute form), twilight state of consciousness and many others. Also a factor in the emergence of suicidal syndrome is the personal development of the psychopathic type.
Treatment of this type of depressive syndrome must be carried out in a hospital.
It should be noted that in the absence of adequate treatment, any of the varieties of the depressive syndrome can degenerate into a depressive-suicidal form. Therefore, do not pull with the doctor, fearing to "stigmatize" a native person, because timely treatment will benefit your family, others, and most importantly - the person who suffers such ailment.