May 22, 2018
If you do not like straight lines and prefer landscape design of your site, then a group of trees should be planted in one corner. The distance between landings should be at least 4 m, so they will take quite a bit of space. In this regard, you should not occupy the southern part of the garden, otherwise a large part of the territory will be in the shade. But here at once there is a problem with the protection of trees from the cold north and north-east winds. It will be necessary to plant the rock plants, having retreated from the fruit plants, again by 4 m. Of the rock plants it is preferable that they have a compact root system or, on the contrary, a surface one. It can be red mountain ash, igra, sea buckthorn or chokeberry.
Arony, of course, the plant is not very high, but you can reduce the crown to 2.5 m with the annual autumn pruning of both the central conductor and the cutting of the other skeletal branches, which, by the way, only benefits the trees, and it facilitates the harvesting. You can plant and eat, but only beyond the boundaries of your site, beyond the ditch, on the side of the road, so that the roots of the fir trees do not destroy the apple trees.
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There is one nuance when planting rockets. The wind flows around a dense barrier on top, but then the cold air descends to the ground at the so-called cold point, which is at a distance equal to the three heights of the barrier. So, if the height of the aronia bush is 2-2.5 m, then at a distance of 6-7.5 m from its plantations in the direction of the cold wind it is impossible to plant heat-loving crops, because they will constantly freeze.
In order not to lose space between the trees planted by the group, it is advisable to enclose each apple tree with a whisk of raspberries, placing the bushes 50 cm apart, along the circumference 1-1.5 m from the trunk. Or plant a black currant or gooseberry between the trees. You can zaludit all the place under the apple trees earthlunniku. This hybrid of strawberries with strawberries has adopted from the parent variety of forest strawberries resistance to partial shade, since in natural conditions it grows under the forest canopy. Let it grow solid carpet, as in the forest, without much care. Remember it is necessary only that the plant is very hygrophilous, and therefore do not forget about regular watering. If the yield decreases, the plantation should be renewed.
In the case of the landscape arrangement of the garden, the tracks should be laid with winding and narrower lines than straight ones. They must flow around the trees, curl between them, to appear as footpaths in a park or forest. This arrangement of landings and paths visually increases the space of the garden. It is better to use for perennials small islands among the main landings. You can plant perennials in separate groups or individual plants here and there.
With this arrangement of the garden, the traditional rectilinear vegetable garden beds are far from the best option. Much more elegant will look small mini-beds, the size of only 1 m, located throughout the site, where only there is a place for them under the sun. It is much easier to take care of such compact beds. In addition, they can be made very decorative, especially if you combine them with planting greens, vegetables with such useful and elegant flowers as nasturtium( of course, only the cluster form), marigold( marigold) or marigold( tagets).
You should not plant apples and pears one by one in different corners of the garden. This does not create a single composition, besides apple trees and, especially, pears - plants cross-pollinated, so you need a group of at least two apples or two pears. For their placement requires a site of not less than 16-20 m2.You can, of course, place separate apple and pear trees, but then it will be difficult to place stone crops that do not tolerate the proximity of the pomegranates. Sometimes, wanting to reduce the area allocated for apple and pear trees, gardeners buy fashionable nowadays columnar plants, because they have only one trunk and quite a few short, overgrown branches. When planting, one should take into account the complete lack of decorative draining. These are plants.as a rule, are not very good, so do not put them on the foreground. But cherries are quite decorative plants, so they can not be hidden in the background. At the time of flowering and plum, and cherries are very elegant. It should be noted that cherries strongly oppress raspberries, so they are better placed in different parts of the garden.
On the southern border of the site to create a hedge can be planted raspberries, red and black currants, gooseberries. Red currant does not like his black sister, so they should not be planted near, let them grow in different parts of the garden. But with red gooseberry redcurrant is friendly, although they have the same pests, and the depth of occurrence of the roots is also the same. But the requirements for good light, soil and fertilizing are the same for irrigation, and it is easier to conduct treatment against pests.
Blackcurrant is remarkably compatible with honeysuckle, although the latter, unlike the black currant, does not recognize any penumbra. If the bush is not illuminated by the sun all day, then the berries will give one miserable handful. Since both cultures are very hygrophilous, they must be watered. I must say that honeysuckle and black currant are not afraid of frosts, so they can be planted on the northern side of the site, if only there was enough sun for honeysuckle.
For sea buckthorn, you can also select the northern part of the plot, but always in the sun. It can be used as a backstage culture to protect against the cold winds of such heat-loving sissies as cherry, plum or apricot. Since the sea buckthorn has a superficial root system that is widely spread in all directions, it must be limited. To do this, it is enough to cut the soil around the sea buckthorn landings annually to the bayonet bayonet in order not to let the root system go beyond the boundaries it has set. On the site, at least two plants, one male, another female, are needed, otherwise there will be no harvest. You can not plant next to the sea-buckthorn plants with a shallow root system, because the sea-buckthorn will simply strangle them in the struggle for eating areas. She is very vigorous and aggressive plant. That is, do not plant next to her black currant, raspberries, strawberries, the sense of such landings will not be. Seabuckthorn is a smart plant, so it will decorate the garden. You can, of course, drop it and a ditch along the edge of the road as a green fence. And not only from the north side, but also from any other. But, it's better to plant her in a little corner. Seabuckthorn can be grown in a weeping form, if, as it grows, it is gradually diverted to its southern side - berries are easier to collect. Sea-buckthorn, like the igra, is unpretentious to the fertility of soils, but prefers soils with a high content of sand, so consider its wishes when planting. Acidic soils, like most plants, certainly do not like. Due to its superficial root system, it needs watering in the spring and early summer.