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  • Gerbera Dzhejmsona

    Family Compositae. The genus of the gerbera. Natural climatic conditions: subtropics. Gerbera Jameson * The original kind of all gerberas cultivated in room conditions, therefore in their cultivation it is possible to start from the description of its specificity. Perennial herbaceous plant, with a thick

    stem harvested in a rosette, only slightly elevated above the soil, pinnate, large( up to 20 cm long), sometimes pubescent leaves, at the base of which it is often possible to see axillary buds. Inflorescence - like a chamomile, on which the gerbera as a whole is quite similar, a basket about 10 cm in diameter appears at the end of the peduncle, which is often taken by the layman for a single flower because of the false corolla formed by the marginal flowers. In fact, the "petals" are independent ligulate flowers of bright color( yellow, white, pink, red, etc.), there are about 30 of them, they can be arranged in one, two or three rows, be narrow or wide."Ssrdtsvinka" of tubular flowers can also have a different color. Varieties: "Adela" - matte-yellow single-rowed flowers, inflorescence diameter 10-11 cm;"Alexandra" - lemon-yellow three-row broad-leaved flowers, the diameter of the inflorescence is 13 cm;"Annushka" - pink, broad-leafed, 3-4-row flowers, the diameter of the inflorescence is 11-12 cm;"Anse" - dark red double-flowered flowers, the diameter of the inflorescence is 11-12 cm;"BRG" - bright red 3-4-row flowers, diameter?inflorescence 9 cm;"Burg Kribshlein" - red 3-4-row broad-blossom flowers, the diameter of the inflorescence is 12 -13 cm;"Zeltene" - fire-red from above and golden-yellow from below 2-3-row flowers, the diameter of the inflorescence is 11 - 11.5 cm;"Liega" - light pink semi-double flowers, the diameter of the inflorescence is 11-13 cm;"Ligita" - carmine-red two-rowed broad-lobed flowers, the diameter of the inflorescence is about 12 - 13 cm;"Lelde" - reddish-salmon broadleaf single-row flowers, the diameter of the inflorescence is about 14 cm;"Mirah" - salmon 3-4-row flowers, the diameter of the inflorescence is 12-13 cm;"Orange byoti" - orange two-row flowers, the diameter of the inflorescence is 10-11 cm;"Oriental" - cream or pinkish cream 2 - 3-row flowers, the diameter of the inflorescence is 9 - 10 cm, the inflorescence of the funnel-like form;"Orion" - yellow 3-4-row flowers, inflorescence diameter of about 11 cm;"Paul Ice" - white 2-3-row flowers, the diameter of the inflorescence is 10 - 11 cm;"Richard Nixon" - dark-red three-row flowers, the diameter of the inflorescence is 11-12 cm, the inflorescence is flattened;"Rudite" - orange on top, yellow three-rowed flowers from below, the diameter of the inflorescence is 10-11 cm;"Ru-sinsh" - orange terry flowers, the diameter of the inflorescence is about 10 cm;"Selga" - violet-pink single-row broad-lingled flowers, the diameter of the inflorescence is 10 - 11 cm;"Teixma" - apricot-yellow dvuhryadnye flowers, the diameter of the inflorescence is about 12 cm;"Tuban" - red 3 -4-row flowers, the diameter of the inflorescence is about 11 cm;"Flamme" - fire-red 2 - 3-row flowers, the diameter of the inflorescence is about 11 cm;"Yauthite" is yellow semi-double flowers, the diameter of the inflorescence is 11-13 cm. Requirement for moisture: moderate watering with water, the temperature of which must coincide with the substrate temperature and not much different from 20 ° C.With a sharp difference in temperature of water and substrate, the plant becomes ill.

    Temperature mode. Partly about the temperature regime is already mentioned above. The optimum temperature for gerbera in summer is 20 ° C, in winter it can drop to 12-14 ° C, but not lower, so that the growth of the plant does not stop. It is very important that there are no big differences between night and daytime temperatures - if they have inflorescences, they lose their decorative effect.

    Light mode: light-loving plant that does not tolerate direct sunlight.

    Requirement for soil: it is possible to use various soil mixtures with light mechanical composition or in the presence of drainage, with strict observance of the acidity required for gerbera: pH-5-b( and raising and lowering it can damage the plant).Fertilizers - mineral, taking into account the need for them in different periods of growth. Additional additional fertilizing with magnesium sulphate is desirable, at a low temperature phosphorus is added additionally. In December - January, it is better to stop feeding.

    Reproduction: seeds and cuttings( it is necessary to provide heating and high humidity, apply phytohormones, otherwise the gerbera takes root quite badly) in April-marte, less often - by dividing the bush.

    Features: The gerbera is retained for a long time in the cut.