May 08, 2018
For introspection very useful data on rhythmic changes in blood pressure during the day. This is a particularly important element of self-assessment of health in those individuals who have an increased risk of increasing blood pressure.
Measurements should be carried out during the week 6 times a day every 4 hours, starting at 6 am.
In a healthy person at rest, the maximum( morning, afternoon) and minimum( at night) systolic BP levels differ by no more than 20-25 mm Hg. Art. The increase in this parameter precedes the increase in mean daily BP and has an unfavorable diagnostic value.
Increased blood pressure to 150/100 mm Hg. Art.in rest reduces average life expectancy by 16.5 years!
For all people it is characteristic to increase blood pressure during the day and decrease - in the night.
However, fluctuations in blood pressure are observed not only in the daily cycle, but also in multi-day biorhythms, and also depending on the occurrence of magnetic storms, during which it rises.
AD fluctuations occur depending on the lunar cycles - from the new moon to the last quarter of the Moon, blood pressure decreases.
Biorhythms of the central and autonomic nervous systems, heart, vessels and hormones also affect blood pressure.
The tendency to increase blood pressure, as well as the change in the daily rhythm, scientists see in the genetic predisposition.
The arterial hypertension is significantly influenced by the daily fluctuations of some hormones in the blood plasma.
Arterial pressure varies with the seasons.
Physical training, exercise in the morning, exercise - all this affects the state of the person's pulse - increases the strength of the heartbeats, makes the heart rate more rare.
Reduction of the pulse is an increase in the tone of the parasympathetic( PNS) and a decrease in the tone of the sympathetic nervous system( SNS), observed at rest. If a person is in a state of overwork, then the tone of the SNS begins to show itself.
The autonomic nervous system of man has these two departments: SNS and PNS.
Sympathetic department of the nervous system affects the increase of excitation of the main body systems, and parasympathetic - on activation of inhibitory processes.
Assessing the predominance of this or that department of the human nervous system, one can judge about its physical state and balance of nervous processes, which is important for the state of health.
There is a fairly simple test for determining the state of the vegetative system "vegetative index"( VI).
Vegetative index Kerdo( VI)
• After resting sitting for 10-15 minutes, calculate the pulse 4 times for 15 seconds;
• for the sum of these measurements, determine the pulse rate for 1 min;
• then double-check your blood pressure at intervals of 20-40 seconds.
where D is the diastonic pressure, P is the pulse. Evaluation of the tone of the autonomic nervous system
Dosed physical exercise allows you to assess the functional state and physical performance.