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Tablets from toothache - Causes, symptoms and treatment. MF.

  • Tablets from toothache - Causes, symptoms and treatment. MF.

    Almost every person experienced toothache. Often, a toothache occurs on vacation, during travel, at night or before a responsible meeting. Sharp, intense, she always appears on time and for a long time "knocks out", forcing to postpone all business. It is necessary to understand that toothache not only worsens well-being, but also speaks about the serious danger in which your teeth are located. The intensity of toothache directly depends on the degree of inflammation. And the more the tooth hurts, the faster you need to run to the dentist.

    Toothache, as a rule, occurs suddenly, often in the evening and at night, and quickly becomes intolerable. Especially dangerous is the situation when you travel from far away from home, and there is no way to quickly get qualified medical care. Do not panic, there are means that can weaken or even temporarily eliminate unpleasant feelings. We will try to tell you about some of them.

    First aid for toothache

    So, when you have a toothache, even if you are far from the dental office, do the following. First, rinse your mouth. At the same time, you remove pieces of food that get stuck in a sick tooth and can cause irritation of the unprotected nerve. Rinse your mouth better with water at room temperature with half a teaspoon of baking soda and two or three drops of iodine solution. Rinse for 3-5 minutes. Then, using a toothpick or dental floss( not a needle, hairpin, stud, piece of wire), gently, without excessive pressure, remove the remnants of food in the area of ​​the aching tooth. It is not advisable to take food before going to the dentist.

    If toothache persists, there is a need for pain medications( tablets).At home, analgin, ibuprofen, paracetamol, citramone, ketones can be used. Let us dwell on each of them in more detail.

    Tablets Analgin - used on 1-2 tablets 2-3 times daily after meals. The maximum dose is 6 tablets per day. Analginum is contraindicated:
    • in the presence of an allergic reaction to analgin and similar preparations;
    • lung diseases accompanied by bronchospasm( bronchial asthma, severe chronic bronchitis);
    • with blood diseases;
    • during pregnancy and lactation;
    • with a significant impairment of liver and kidney function.
    Tablets Ibuprofen - used on 1-2 tablets 2-3 times daily after meals. The maximum dose for the treatment of toothache is 6 tablets per day. Ibuprofen is contraindicated:
    • if there is an allergic reaction to ibuprofen and other NSAIDs( non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs);
    • with active or suspected bleeding;
    • with peptic ulcer of the stomach or intestine in the stage of exacerbation;
    • during pregnancy and lactation;
    • with a significant impairment of liver and kidney function.
    • in the presence of severe heart failure or hypertension.
    Tablets Paracetamol - Apply 1-2 tablets up to 4 times a day after meals. The maximum dose for the treatment of toothache is 8 tablets per day. Paracetamol is contraindicated:
    • the presence of an allergic reaction to paracetamol and other NSAIDs( non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs);
    • with a significant impairment of liver and kidney function.
    • with alcoholism;
    • during pregnancy.
    Tablets Citramon - Apply 1-2 tablets up to 4 times a day after meals. The maximum dose for the treatment of toothache is 8 tablets per day. Citramone is a combined drug that contains aspirin, paracetamol, caffeine. Contraindications for both paracetamol and ibuprofen.
    Ketanov - 1 tablet is applied up to 4 times a day after meals. This drug has a pronounced analgesic effect and, accordingly, with increasing concentration leads to side effects. Therefore, the dosage of 4 tablets per day can not be exceeded in any case. Contraindicated in the same situations as ibuprofen.

    In any case, it is recommended to read the instructions before applying this or that medicine.

    It should be noted that the anesthetic effect of all these drugs occurs 0.5-2 hours after the first dose. Therefore, you should not wait for instant improvement. In addition, all tablets are taken orally, washed down with a large amount of water( not juice, milk or alcoholic beverages).Putting a pill on the tooth or dissolving in the mouth is not recommended, as this can lead to increased pain.

    As ancillary therapies, folk remedies are now widespread. Below are some recipes using medicinal plants, they can be used between taking tablets. Folk remedies are not able to quickly and completely anesthetize an aching tooth, but they relieve inflammation and disinfect the oral cavity.

    • infusion of herbs of sage medicinal. A tablespoon of dry herbs pour steep boiling water( about a glass), close the lid, insist 15 minutes. Cool, drain, rinse the oral cavity up to eight times a day.
    • infusion of herb thyme. A tablespoon of herbs pour a glass of boiling water, wrap, insist 20 minutes, cool, drain. Use for rinsing 6 times a day.
    • infusion of melissa herbs. Spoon a tablespoon of dry grass with a glass of boiling water. Insist thirty minutes. Use for rinsing 6 times a day.
    • infusion of birch buds. Tablespoon of kidneys to put in a thermos, pour boiling water and insist for about an hour. Rinse three to four times a day.
    • as a distraction therapy it is useful to keep in the mouth and apply a cotton swab moistened with clove oil, onion or beet juice to a sick tooth, as well as a garlic slice or a piece of valerian root.

    Tablets from a toothache for children

    Quite often a toothache appears in children. In this case, treatment begins with folk remedies. As a rule, decoctions of medicinal herbs, if there is no individual intolerance, are safe. If treatment with folk remedies does not sufficiently reduce pain, traditional drugs are shown. It should be remembered that not all "adult" tablets can be safe for the baby. Therefore, for the treatment of toothache in a child, only drugs containing paracetamol or ibuprofen are used. Paracetamol: take into account the form of release of the drug. It can be tablets of 200 mg, 500 mg each;rectal suppositories with a dosage of 0.33 g, 0.17 g, 0.08 g;syrup-120 mg / 5ml;suspension-120 mg / 5 ml. Depending on the form of the drug that you have, calculate the frequency of reception and the maximum daily dose for the child.
    So, for children from 9-12 years the maximum dose is 2 g of paracetamol. This means that maximum, the child can take 1 tablet containing 500 mg of the drug 4 times a day or 2 tablets containing 200 mg of paracetamol 4 times a day. For children from 3 to 6 years, the calculation of the dose is carried out in accordance with the body weight. At the same time, a maximum dose of 60 mg per 1 kg of the child's weight will be considered. The result is divided into 3-4 reception depending on the intensity of pain. Tablets should be taken after meals, washed down with plenty of water.

    For children from 1 month to 3 years old, rectal suppositories are recommended instead of tablets. A single dose is 15 mg per 1 kg of the child's body weight( the dose of the drug in the candle can vary).The maximum dose of the drug is 60 mg per 1 kg of body weight, divided into 3-4 doses.
    The dose of the syrup containing paracetamol varies, depending on the age.
    From 3 to 12 months 2.5-5 ml of syrup, from 1 to 5 years - 5-10 ml of syrup, from 5 to 12 years - 10-20 ml of syrup. For children weighing more than 60 kg - 20-40 ml. The frequency of paracetamol syrup intake is 3-4 times a day.
    Ibuprofen for children has an analgesic effect inferior to paracetamol. Apply it is recommended only in cases where paracetamol is contraindicated and only in consultation with the doctor.

    Tablets for toothache in pregnant and lactating children.

    Toothache in pregnant women and nursing mothers is no less frequent. Almost all drugs used for anesthesia pass through the placenta and can cause damage to the fetus. In addition, all of them are present in greater or lesser concentrations in breast milk. Therefore, in pregnant and lactating women, the choice for treating dental pain is rinsing the oral cavity with saline or herbal solutions. With very intense pain, paracetamol is permitted in a minimal dosage. It should be borne in mind that paracetamol is completely excreted from breast milk after 6-7 hours, so it is advisable to use the pill before the child's longest sleep.

    Speaking about self-treatment, it is necessary to mention the old antiquated method of treating toothache-tooth extraction with improvised means. Such means may be someone's fingers, thread and door handle or even pliers. Dentists are categorical about this. Removing the tooth in this way, you can break it corny, which will require further operations on the gum with the extraction of fragments, you can damage adjacent healthy teeth, not to mention the high risk of infection of the mouth. Therefore, currently removing the teeth at home is prohibited.

    It should be remembered that after applying the above medicines, the pain may become less intense or even disappear. But this does not mean that you were able to cure the inflammatory process yourself. In fact, the pain just calmed down, giving you time to seek qualified medical help. Otherwise, after a certain( often very short) period of time, the toothache returns with renewed vigor. In addition, you should understand that by delaying a visit to the dentist, you knowingly contribute to the development of complications associated with dental diseases.

    So, the rejection of dental care can threaten:

    • the formation of an inflammatory cavity inside the tooth, the transition of the process to the chronic stage and its spread to all layers of the tooth. As a result, the tooth begins to dissolve imperceptibly from within.
    • gradually the infection spreads into the tissues of the root of the tooth, then passes to the gum and periosteum.
    • Without treatment in these areas, it is possible to form an abscess and phlegmon, which, as a rule, requires urgent surgical intervention. Under adverse conditions purulent contents can spread to the bones of the skull, causing osteomyelitis, and also, which is especially terrible, with blood flow through the vessels to penetrate the brain, and this often results in meningitis.

    Currently, dental care is of high quality and generally available. Therefore, the first episode of toothache should make you consult a doctor. Only the dentist can accurately determine the cause of pain and prescribe an effective treatment in each case. In some cases, a doctor may suggest filling a sick tooth, or, in a neglected case, surgical intervention with a gum cut. Given the successes of modern anesthesiology, dental treatment is virtually painless, but at the same time it helps to keep the tooth and prevent the spread of the process to surrounding tissues. After treatment for the purpose of anesthetizing and reducing inflammation, the doctor can prescribe the above drugs for up to five days.

    Doctor therapist Sirotkina EV