How to learn to drive: a short instruction
Mar 27, 2018
How to sing in one old song: "The cars literally filled everything. ..".Yes, indeed the cars have already flooded everything. If before the car was a luxury, and its purchase could afford only very well-off people, but now the car is almost in every family. In the modern world, a car is a means of transportation, especially in large cities, where a resident of a metropolis needs to travel a distance of several tens of kilometers. If you decide to learn how to drive, in this article we will tell you about the technique of driving a car.
Contents of the article:
- What you need to know for driving
- The rules of driving
- How to quickly learn how to drive a car
What you need to know for driving a car
Let's start by considering some organizational aspects of driving a car. Before you start learning to drive, you must not only read, but also learn the rules of the road, along with signs and types of road markings. You need to learn the rules, because it depends not only on your life, but also on the lives of other road users. To study the rules, it is best to use special textbooks that teach the Rules of the Road, demonstrating this all in illustrations. In addition, on the Internet you can find video lessons on training, both the Rules of the road, and the very driving of the car. An instructive stage in the study of the rules is familiarization with the original source of the Rules of the Road. We also recommend to buy a collection of exam tickets for the Rules of the Road, or to pass the tests online, the services that provide them with a sufficiently large number. These tickets will help you both when passing the exam for obtaining rights, and will teach you how to apply your theoretical knowledge in practice.
So, let's summarize what you need to study the Road Traffic Regulations:
- Traffic Rules;
- Study Guide for the Study of the Road Traffic Regulations( in illustrations);
- Examination tickets for traffic rules.
Driving a car is not only knowledge of the rules and the physical ability to drive a car, driving should be considered more deeply. While driving, you must constantly monitor the traffic situation: through the front and side windows, as well as through the rear-view mirrors. The rear view mirrors in the car are three: two side mirrors that are located on the front doors of the car and through the central rear view mirror on the windshield. It is necessary to monitor the actions of all road users: drivers and especially pedestrians. In short, you must constantly own the situation on the road, it is necessary: to select the trajectory of the car, to choose the speed mode, as well as to prevent an emergency and an emergency response in case of its occurrence. This does not mean that you have to be constantly in suspense and in the literal sense of the word to look out for everything that is happening on the road - no, this will be very difficult at first, in the future control of the traffic situation will enter into an involuntary habit, the main thing -.
How not to be afraid to drive
Before you start the first tests in driving, you should not be afraid of the car itself. Mostly it concerns women - they are for some reason panic afraid of the "iron horse" and this is the main trouble, as long as you do not stop being afraid, you will not be able to learn how to drive well, because driving is always importantkeeping calm. In order not to be afraid of the car, at first simply start it, and occasionally pressing the gas pedal to get used to the sound of the engine and gaining speed, and to the car itself too.
As for the fear of driving, this is the next thing the novice driver faces. In order not to be afraid to drive a car, you must first learn on a special site or road, where there are no other road users. After you master enough driving skills, you can try to travel to city roads where there is not much traffic.
In order not to be afraid to drive a car in the city, in advance think over your route, even if it is longer - nothing terrible, the main thing is that the traffic was not intense. Then mentally overcome this route. Later, when you are more confident you will feel behind the wheel, try the opposite - to go on routes, where more intensive traffic, to gain experience of driving in different places and in different traffic situations. In order to learn how to drive a car at first it is better that you are supervised by an experienced driver who would help to cope with the mistakes and difficulties encountered by novice drivers.
And the last thing to note here is clothes and shoes. Clothes should not hold your movements, should be comfortable and not tight. Pay special attention to shoes, its sole should not be thick. The best shoes for driving are shoes on a thin, but firm sole, which will slide well on the pedals. This kind of shoes will help you feel the car pedals well. In order for a woman to learn how to drive, we strongly recommend that you never wear shoes with heels and a large platform, if necessary, change your shoes in the car.
Preparation for departure
Every time before starting traffic, you need to check the car - this is the basis of the start of driving. The check consists of the following:
- Visual inspection of the
Before leaving the garage or parking lot, you need to carefully check the car. First make sure that under the car there are no signs. If any have been noticed, try to determine where the liquid came from and fix the problem. Then pay attention to the tires, they should not be deflated: either swap them, or in case of a puncture - replace the wheel. Check also the operation of external lighting: rear and headlights, as well as turn signals.
- Adjusting the
When you get into the car, especially if you drive with someone, adjust the driver's seat: the distance from the steering wheel, the backrest angle, and if the car's device allows it, adjust: the seat height and the height of the steeringcolumn. Then adjust the center and side mirrors.
- Safety precautions
Be sure to fasten your seatbelt before starting the car, and make sure that the rest of your passengers do so. Check the operation of the brake system. Before you start, make sure that the beginning of your movement does not interfere with other road users. That is, you need to skip all the traffic moving in the passing direction.
Rules of driving
So, now let's directly touch the technique of driving a car. To begin with it is necessary to tell, how to be started on the car with a mechanical transmission. Remember: the left leg only works with the clutch pedal - it's the left pedal;the right foot works with the brake pedal - the central pedal and with the gas pedal - the right pedal.
How to start and stop the car
Start the car by turning the ignition key to the ACC position, then turn the key to the ON position, after 10 seconds, turn the ignition key to the START position, as soon as the car starts, release the key and turn it ON.To muffle the car, the ignition key must be turned to the ACC position.
How to get started on the car
- How to get off the ground on the car
After you have made all the actions that we told in the part about the preparation for the departure, check that the car was on the handbrake and the gear lever was installed in the neutralposition. Having completed all these actions, you need to start a car.
To get on the car ahead, you need to turn on the first gear. To do this, use the left foot to squeeze the clutch( the left pedal to the stop) by shifting the gear lever in the corresponding position, that is, by switching on the first gear. The right leg should be placed on the gas pedal( right pedal) and gently squeezed out so that the arrow points to the deuce on the tachometer( the engine should reach 2,000 revolutions).Then, with your right foot, squeeze the brake( center pedal), remove the car from the parking brake( manual) by pressing the lever button and lowering it down. After that, we shift the foot to the gas pedal to maintain the engine speed, and smoothly, very, very smoothly release the clutch pedal. When the car started to move slightly, press the accelerator pedal and continue to smoothly release the clutch pedal. The left leg, when you are not working with the clutch pedal, always move to the rest area, it is on the hill to the left of the clutch pedal. By pressing the accelerator pedal, adjust the vehicle's speed: the more you push the accelerator pedal, the faster the car will go and vice versa.
- How to get into the hill on the machine
Another very difficult issue for novice drivers is to start driving on a car in the hill. We all know that if correctly and quickly not to react in this situation, then the car can roll back or decay. What do you need to know in order to get started on the rise? First of all, you need to completely relax - this is the main thing, believe in yourself. There are 2 ways to get into the hill, the first - for beginners, the second - for drivers with experience.
The first way to move into the hill with the help of a handbrake, this is a way for beginners. So, you stand on the rise and you need to move. To do this, put the car on a handbrake, squeeze the clutch and turn on the first gear. Together with this pressing of the gas pedal, you must bring the engine to 2500-3000 rpm and fix the right foot in this position. Then gently lower the lever of the handbrake and in parallel smoothly release the clutch pedal. As soon as the car starts to move, gently add gas, so that the car does not go in the neck. When you release the clutch pedal, move your left foot to the rest area, and with your right foot, monitor the speed of the car by pressing the accelerator pedal.
The second way to get on the car on the rise is the so-called "throwing the leg."This method is used by most drivers with experience. This way to move into the hill is the following: the left foot squeezes the clutch, the right foot presses the brake pedal, to start the movement the clutch pedal is released smoothly and as soon as the car feels about to move, the right foot is thrown from the brake pedal to the pedalgas. At the same time, the gas pedal must be pressed in such a way that the engine reaches about 3000 revolutions, this will prevent the car from moving backwards and help to take an intensive acceleration on the rise. Now you know how to drive properly, starting from the spot.
How to switch gears on the car
- How to move from the first gear to the second
So, when you are moved from the place and a little overclocked, you must definitely switch gears, this must be done to unload the engine, since the 1st gear is the most powerful,and it is designed solely to move the car from its place. In order to move from the first gear to the second you need to slightly accelerate the car and then squeeze the clutch to the end, then shift the gear lever to the second speed and gently start releasing the clutch pedal, while gently pressing the accelerator pedal. When the clutch pedal is raised, move the left foot to the rest area, and the right foot control the speed of the car. Many novice drivers are interested in the question: when to switch to the second gear. On the second gear you need to go almost immediately after the start of the movement, if you continue to gain speed.
- How to move from second to third gear and then
The principle of gear shifts is the same and does not differ from the actions that we described above. After you have dispersed the car in the second transfer to 35-40 km / hour it is necessary to pass to the third transfer. Having reached the speed of 50-60 km / h, go to the fourth transfer. The fifth gear is included outside the city at a speed of 80 km / h, when you will already feel quite confident behind the wheel. Also, when switching gears, you can focus on the readings of the tachometer, when its value reaches 2500-3000 rpm - go to the next gear.
- How to go to a lower gear
To go to a lower gear, for example from a third to a second, you need to squeeze the clutch, engage the lowered gear, then lightly press the gas pedal, dialing somewhere 2500 rpm, and gently release the clutch pedal,while adding gas.
How to brake the car
- How to reduce the speed on the car
In order to reduce the speed - you need to remove the right foot from the accelerator and gently press the brake pedal, it is possible that in doing so you will have to go to a lower gear.
- How to stop the car
To stop the car completely, you need to squeeze the clutch pedal and rightly nudge the brake pedal, gradually stopping the car.
How to take back on the car
In order to pass back, the car must be completely stopped. Squeeze the clutch, move the gear lever to the rear speed( in modern cars, it will be necessary to raise the ring located on the gearshift lever upwards).Make sure that there is no one behind and you can start moving. Reach 2500 revolutions by depressing the gas pedal and fix the right foot in this position, then gently start releasing the clutch pedal. As soon as the car starts to move, you can gradually add gas.
How to quickly learn how to drive a car
In order to quickly learn how to drive a car you need to practice as much as possible. Do not focus on easy unloaded roads, once you feel confident - complicate the conditions. Try to go around the whole city, both during the day and at night - the main care and caution. As a rule, to get the first driving skills of a car, both in the city and on the road - will help in the driving school, when your actions and movement will be monitored by the driving instructor.
This video tells and shows how to get started on the car. Be sure to watch this video, because it's better to see once than to read about it several times.
How to get right in the hill is described in detail in this video. The process of starting the car in a hill is somewhat more complicated, and differs from the process of starting traffic on a flat road.
The last difficult stage of driving - gear shifting, is shown on this video, so we also recommend to read it.