The most poisonous frogs in the world.
Mar 23, 2018
Frog of wood drills
Frogs from the family of wood-frogs are considered to be the most poisonous frogs on our Earth. The size of the adult frog is from 3 to 6 cm, but some representatives of this species reach a size of 8 cm, females usually larger than males.
The paws of daggers without membranes, at the ends of the toes of the fore legs there are small suckers. Frogs have a variety of very bright colors. Skin drevolaza is permeated with glands that secrete microscopic doses of poison, even a single dose of this poison can kill a jaguar, and also destroy 10 people.
The poison of these frogs consists of one hundred different substances and is very toxic. Death occurs, even if a small amount of poison falls on the skin. When the poison enters, paralysis of the upper respiratory tract occurs, arrhythmia, myocardial paralysis, and ventricular fibrillation. Vaccines against this poison do not exist.
There is an assumption that the poison accumulates when eating ants, mites. When a frog is kept in captivity and consumes other food, the toxicity of the poison is reduced.
Woodfrog frogs inhabit the territories of Brazil, Guyana, French Guiana, Guyana and Suriname. They dwell in small reservoirs, they conduct a daily terrestrial way of life, although they are called drezolazy, but rarely climb above a small stump or a fallen tree. At night they sleep under leaves, under stones, in moss, under driftwood.
But the orange dwarf and the black and yellow giant prefer to climb tree trunks, are located in the crown at an altitude of 1.5 to 15 meters. They feed on small insects - ants, mosquitoes, mites, midge. Food is extracted with a sticky tongue, sharply throws the tongue forward and insects adhere to it.
Woodworms breed on land, during the rainy season, once a year from February to March. The female lays in wet places, directly on the ground or in the leaves of the plant bromeliads from 5 to 30 eggs.
Usually males take care and protect the masonry, moisten it with water, so that the eggs are not dried and mixed. Until the appearance of tadpoles guard eggs, as females can eat it. When the tadpoles appear, the wood-dippers carry them on their backs to the nearest ponds or to the huge bromeliads that are filled with water.
Tadpoles feed on aquatic plants, insects, plant remnants, insects, worms that get into the water, sometimes they do not mind eating their brethren. After 14 to 18 days, the tadpoles turn into frogs and go over to the terrestrial way of life.
The most poisonous of woodworms are spotted dwarf, a small wood dwarf and blue dwarf.
Spotted poisonous frog
The spotty poisonous frog lives in Peru, in Western Brazil and in the tropical forests of Ecuador and is one of the most poisonous representatives of the genus spotted frogs. The venom of one frog is enough to poison 5 people.
This is a small frog from 16 to 19 mm, and the females are slightly larger than males. The frog's body is black, covered with yellow rounded or elongated spots. The limbs are blue with black spots, the paws are large, the first finger is shorter than the second, at the tips of the fingers there are large, twice wider than the finger of roundness, but on the first finger there is no such roundness. The head of the frog is narrow, the muzzle is rounded. The basic diet of frogs consists of small insects, mites and ants.
Females lay their eggs, fertilized eggs are laid one or more pieces into small openings of trees where there is water. As soon as the tadpoles begin to hatch, the male places each tadpole in other hollows and all the tadpoles are grown apart from each other. Feed tadpoles unfertilized eggs, which the female lays once in 5-10 days. The tadpole breaks the outer shell of the egg with jaws and only eats the yolk.
This deadly frog lives in the tropical forests of southwestern Colombia and is one of the most poisonous frogs in the world. The poison of this amphibian has a nerve - paralytic effect and is capable of killing not only a large animal, but is also deadly to humans, just by touching the frog skin, you can die. The toxic substance - batrachotoxin, blocks the nerve channels and paralyzes the muscles, including the heart muscle, and the person dies from arrhythmia or heart failure.
The poison is produced in the frog's body when processing food, which contains toxins. They feed leafworms with ants, mites, small beetles and other small insects. If the frog feeds other food for a year, then the poison is not produced.
The frog is colored bright yellow, body size is 2 to 4 cm, fingers without membranes, widened at the ends and play the role of suckers, with which the sheet-lazers move along branches and leaves of plants.
Listlazy lead a daily life, live by families, which consist of a male and 3-5 females. They multiply, laying eggs from 15 to 30 eggs on land, in wet places.
The male monitors caviar, and when the tadpoles are released, they take care of them. Small tadpoles attach to the back of the male and move with it to the water. When the tadpoles turn 10 days old, they begin to swim on their own. Two weeks later turn into frogs and go out on land. Small frogs of pale yellow color with black stripes on the back and sides, but growing, they acquire a bright yellow color. In nature, there are leafworms with orange and red, as well as pale green skin.
Another poisonous frog living on our planet is called a two-tone phyllomeus, belongs to the family of frogs and is also considered a very dangerous frog. This frog lives in the forests of the Amazon in western and northern Brazil, in northern Bolivia, in the southeast of Colombia and Venezuela, in Guiana and in eastern Peru.
The poison of this frog causes hallucinations, problems with the gastrointestinal tract. Local tribes living along the shores of the Amazon, specifically use the poison to evoke hallucinations.
The body length of the two-color phyllome is 6 cm, the upper side of the frog's body is green, and the sides and legs have a different color from orange-red to violet.
Two-colored phyllomedus live in the crowns of tall trees, clinging to the thin branches and leaves. Caviar is laid on trees in broad leaves, which are wrapped and glued together in the form of a kule.
Another frog, more precisely - the chiriquet toad is considered one of the most poisonous frogs in the world. This toad lives on the isthmus between North and South America, in Panama and Costa Rica. It has a bright color and small size - the size of the male is only about three cm, and the female grows from 3.5 to 5 cm. Toad chiriquita is in danger of extinction.
Poison is a neurotoxin, produced by the skin and contained in the toad's mucus. If the poison of this toad falls on the human skin, the sodium and potassium channels are blocked in the nerve endings and the person is disturbed by coordination of movements, convulsions occur and paralysis of the extremities occurs. The antidote does not exist, but during the time spent, the total detoxification of the organism leaves a chance for survival.
All the frogs that we told you about are very attractive, thanks to the bright, diverse skin color, but they are some of the most dangerous creatures on our planet.