General on growing different cultures in the house
Mar 22, 2018
Is it possible to create a garden and a vegetable garden in an apartment or on a balcony, veranda, in a room conservatory, in a conservatory or in a window greenhouse? It turns out that it is possible, if appropriate regimes of light, heat and moisture are created for plants, to correctly choose cultures and varieties, methods and methods of their cultivation. Many types of indoor plants were born and formed in the tropical and subtropical regions of the globe. Therefore, all of them are characterized by high temperatures in the growing season and relatively low winter hardiness.
There are a number of regions of the globe with a dry climate( deserts, steppes).The climate of these latitudes refers to the transition zones, all the periods of the year are clearly marked here.
Finally, there are plants coming from the middle zone, where the climate is characterized by a short summer and a long winter. These differences cover the vast territories of Russia, North America, and Eurasia. The rhythm of plant life here is quite different and unlike other climatic zones of the globe.
Therefore, considering all the diversity of ecological and climatic conditions of the globe, it should be noted that plants for many millennia, adapting to them, developed the appropriate protective properties( winter peace, suspension of growth in hot weather, dropping of leaves in the dry period), allowing them freelylive and reproduce.
Plants of these regions, falling into conditions unusual for them, apartments, verandas, balconies, loggias, greenhouses, in their majority become unattractive, sick and dying. Therefore, in order that they normally live in the premises, develop and even blossom and bear fruit, they need to create the appropriate regimes to which they are accustomed at home( light, heat, different length of the day, the corresponding substrates, soil and air humidity and.).Thanks to the development of scientific and technological progress, a person has learned for his pets - indoor plants - to arrange conditions close to those in their home countries. In many houses, cottages, cottages, special greenhouses for winter gardens are being built, and for rooms and balconies, humidifiers, artificial lighting lamps, insulated window sills, tropical shop windows, and greenhouses are sold, where it is possible to grow and multiply the most thermophilic plants without much difficulty.
In addition, scientists from Russia and many other countries have introduced new varieties and hybrids of indoor plants, more stable and unpretentious to the conditions of the premises.
Fruit heat-loving plants
Fruits of thermophilic plants, including citrus fruits, bananas, pineapples, figs, medlar, feijoa, unabi, pomegranate and many others, have high taste, dietary and curative properties, contain a large number of proteins, fats, easily digestible sugars, vitamins, mineral salts, organic acids and other biologically active compounds. From their fruits prepare high-quality natural juices, various drinks, candied fruits, dried fruits, jams.
The fruits of many tropical and subtropical plants are widely used in the treatment of various diseases. At home, these plants harvested their bark and leaves that have medicinal properties. In a number of countries they are widely used in the pharmaceutical industry.
In room conditions, they grow well and, with proper care, they can annually produce figs, feijoa, pomegranate, olive, medlar and other crops.
To create comfort and comfort in apartments, as well as to obtain valuable products, we recommend using some tonic, medicinal and spicy plants.
These are primarily coffee, tea, noble laurel and laurel medicinal. Tea and coffee are tonic plants due to the content in the leaves and fruits of the alkaloid caffeine or close to it compounds. Modern medicine shows that tea and coffee have a beneficial effect on the central nervous system of the person, stimulate blood circulation and breathing, increase the capacity for work with mental and physical fatigue.
A valuable indoor culture is a noble laurel. Its fruits and leaves contain specific essential oils, which have found wide application as taste, technical, medical and other means. Dried laurel leaves are used as an aromatic seasoning in cooking, canning and confectionery. The widest application they find in the manufacture of meat and fish canned food, marinades, pickles and kvassheny. It is very decorative in the room conditions, laurel medicinal. Her fruits are edible.
Tincture of its leaves and fruits treat cardiovascular diseases. From 5 to 6 years of age, laurel cherries in the room conditions regularly bear fruit. This plant is best placed in a spacious room, it is not afraid of shading.
Vegetable crops in the apartment
Many vegetables can be successfully grown indoors as well as flower and ornamental crops. Vegetables at home are not only additional vitamins for your table, but also interior decoration. Bright red fruits of tomatoes, colorful leaves of salads, bright green or light leaves of bulbous and spicy-flavored plants create in the house a unique color. Their splendor you will enjoy throughout the year. To grow vegetables in the apartment you can use not only the windows. Depending on the requirements for light, a number of vegetable plants can be kept and expelled for some time in semi-dark rooms, in basements, in corridors or in dark pantries. During the spring, especially its second half, and in the fall for vegetables it is recommended to use glazed balconies, loggias, verandas, and also to apply additional coverings from the film there and, if necessary, to artificially highlight.
The practice of many amateurs who devote their free time to growing vegetables in the room, shows that in the rooms it is possible to grow different kinds of vegetables. It is possible to collect a good harvest from a window sill only if the vegetable marketer knows which crops are best for growing houses, the requirements of these plants for the conditions of the environment, the optimal timing of planting, planting and care for them.