• How to become seasoned

    After charging - wiping with a wet towel. The temperature of the water in which to apply the towel should be as you like. Wiping the neck, shoulders, hands, trunk, wipe these parts of the body dry. Then continue wet wiping - the abdomen, buttocks, legs( the procedure lasts 1 -2 min).Gradually, lower the water temperature to the one that flows from the tap.

    Having prepared yourself by wiping, two weeks later begin dousing. The temperature of the water when dousing should be 34-35 ° C. Gradually reduce it to 10-12 ° With . After finishing the procedure, rub with a towel until the feeling of warmth.

    Particularly good results for strengthening the body gives hardening of the legs. The first version of is a nightly wash at a water temperature of 28-30 ° C, which you gradually reduce by 1-2 °, until you bring it to 12-15 ° C. Keep the feet in water first 1 minute, then increase the time from day to dayup to 3 min. The second version of - put two pelvis with hot( 35 ° C) and cold( 20 ° C) water. Lower your feet first into the hot, then into the cold water, 2-3 times each. Weekly raise the temperature of hot water by one degree. And so - up to 40-42 ° C;The temperature of cold water is reduced by one degree, bringing it to 15 ° C. Keep your feet in hot water for 2-3 minutes, in a cold water - 30 seconds.

    Bathing in ice water, scientists believe, activates all the physiological processes in the body, perfectly hardens it. However, if you decide to become a walrus, be sure to consult a doctor. It is better to do "walrus" not individually, but in the winter swimming section, to be under constant medical supervision. In many patients and the elderly, especially women, severe cooling can cause a disruption in the activity of internal organs and instead of doing good to harm. And it is absolutely unacceptable to hypothermia for people who have recently suffered a myocardial infarction, suffering from severe kidney disease.

    The basic laws of all hardening - gradualness and consistency - must be followed here. Prepare for the winter swimming is better from the summer, daily bathing in the river or lake, pond, and then extend the swimming season for the whole year. You can start in the winter. But this requires preliminary preparation at home, as well as the presence near the ice hole, a warm room, even better - a warm shower or a bath. Regularly taking a cold shower or bath at home and supplementing with air and snow procedures, you can easily go to swimming in icy water without much difficulty. Of course, they must be combined with intensive physical exercises. Even if you are a walrus with experience, all the same it is not necessary to abuse icy baths. The interval between bathing is determined by the time necessary for the complete restoration of the physiological functions of the organism. The frequency of bathing is inversely proportional to the "cold load": the smaller it is, the more frequent the bath;The greater the load, the less likely they are.

    The value of "cold load" depends on the time spent in ice water and cold air, as well as on the degree of hardening of the practitioner.

    You can start winter swimming at any age, from 16 to 70 years. However, when solving the problem of hardening with ice water, take into account not only physical, but also psychological readiness for this.

    If scalding icy water does not frighten you - dive!. .

    How to temper the child of the first months of life? First of all, keep the room at a temperature of no higher than 20-22 ° C. In cold weather, ventilate the room every two hours, but so that after airing the temperature does not drop below 20 ° C. When it's warm in the street - in the spring and especially in summer -generally try not to close the window, day or night. But make sure that there are no drafts.

    While changing diapers, do not rush to wrap the baby. Beginning with 2-3 weeks, give him several times a day to lie naked for a minute, two. These first air baths are the beginning of hardening. But most importantly - walks. In the middle zone in the cold season for the first time to take a newborn for a walk for 5-10 minutes is possible in the third week of life, if the weather is windless and the air temperature is not below -10 ° С. In the warm season you can start walking earlier. Gradually, from day to day, the duration of walks is increased by 3-5 minutes. When a child turns a month, he can already walk for about an hour. We remind: to walk, and not to be in the "room" stroller with a raised top, and even with a closed face.

    Very convenient if you have a balcony. But still keep in mind: the air in motion( when the stroller rolls down the street), better promotes hardening. In addition, the balconies are strong drafts. And again: when the child is a little older, he already wants( and should!) Not just to lie in the stroller, looking in front of him, but really "to walk", to look at the sky, trees passing by people passing birds.

    For a child who is only learning to walk, it is convenient to drive with a bracket from a thick

    drawing or tube( Figure 11).

    The mother takes the brace from the upper ring, and the child holds the two lower hands with both hands. The mother does not need to bend, she does not get tired, but the child does not curl the spine.

    If the body of a stroller is put on a sled, then with such a stroller on the runners you can walk without difficulty in the loose snow.

    Wet rubbing - an excellent means of hardening, one of the strongest in its impact on the children's body. Begin wiping should be no earlier than 7 months. But first, the baby is taught to dry the dry wipe: for about a week, daily rub the body with a piece of dry flannel or woolen cloth until the skin turns red. Just do not get carried away too much, do not cause pain to the child, the procedure should be fun. As soon as they noticed that the skin reddens faster than in the first days, wet wipes can begin. Sew an old towel from the old towel. Moisten it in a warm ( 34 - 35 ° C) water, squeeze and wipe first the breast, tummy, back, lastly the handles and legs, covering the rest with a diaper. Wipe dry with a soft towel immediately, cover with a diaper. Gradually lower the temperature of the water, bringing it to a year before the 30 ° C. Be very attentive! If there is a goosebumper, immediately stop rubbing.

    In the hot summer days of children over 8 months old, it is possible to pour water from a watering can warm on the sun in the air.

    Sun baby is necessary. But in reasonable doses and with the observance of certain safety rules. In the spring sun, there are especially many - more than in the height of summer - of ultraviolet rays, precisely those that warn and treat rickets. Catch them! Lower the top of the stroller, open the face of the baby, just make sure that the rays do not strike directly into the eyes. But in summer at a temperature of 25 ° C and above, be careful with the sun. Hide your child from direct sunlight, try to put the baby carriage in the shade of trees. Sunbathing can be done only after the child turns a year old. How? Strictly by the minute, after half an hour after a meal. Better in the morning hours or, conversely, late in the evening, after 16 hours. Begin with 1-2 minutes and every two days add a minute. Do not undress the baby immediately naked, first substitute the sun only the legs, the next day the stomach, then the back, chest, hands. Only on the 6th day of

    , allow the baby to luxuriate in the sun naked, try to turn it alternately on his back or on his stomach. The sun bath should not last more than 5-6 minutes. Always cover the child's head with a panama with wide margins or a visor to protect the eyes. Another subtlety: blond and red-haired kids are especially sensitive to sunlight, they do not light well, but quickly overheat. Be careful! If a child turns red, sweat or, alternatively, goosebumps, a chill appears - immediately into the shade!