How to grow gerbera - growing gerbera
Mar 07, 2018
Gerbera or a transvaal chamomile was discovered by a Dutch botanist named Reman in South Africa more than 100 years ago. Due to the fact that the plant is incredibly plastic, to date, the market offers more than 100 of its varieties and has already created about 30 new products. This wonderful and such a beautiful plant can be easily grown both at home and in the garden.
A bit about the
gerberas Sorts of gerberas can be divided into 2 large groups:
Small and large.
And already each group within itself is divided according to the terry, color and type of inflorescence.
Gerberas have an unusually diverse range of colors. There are many combinations with the center of the inflorescence and the mass of all possible color transitions.
If your plans include growing a beautiful gerbera on the windowsill, then the best choice will be the flower of the festival group. After all, they are quite compact and have short peduncles and flowers of large size, reaching 8-11 centimeters in diameter.
For growing in the garden, the best option is the Djemson gerbera - it is even larger in size. In addition, it has very long stems and leaves. This sort is quite beautiful and more importantly, extremely hardy.
How to grow a gerbera at home
It is best to have gerberas in the room together with enough light, but where there is no direct sunlight. Water the best on the edge of the pot or in a pallet. Once every 14 days, it is worthwhile to spend foliar and root bait, a plant that responds very well. As fertilizer it is not necessary to use top dressing containing chlorine, after all it is capable to oppress development and growth of a flower.
Also not suitable:
- horse manure;
- organic fertilizer.
All this leads to the development of rot of the root neck.
Transplant the gerbera in a flower larger in size only when the roots are already very much grown and began to dry up. Suitable weakly acid prepared soil, which is based on peat. The best time to transplant gerbera is spring. It is very important in this procedure not to deeply penetrate the roots, otherwise it will not take long to get fungal diseases.
The first fertilizing, after the flower was transplanted, is carried out after about two months.
With the onset of winter, the gerbera should be placed in the brightest place in the room, reduce the temperature to about 14 degrees and limit the watering. In this period of time, it is not necessary to carry out top dressing. In addition, be sure to make sure that the earthen lump dries a little between watering. If you can not create a coolness for the wintering of the plant, then it is worthwhile to lighten the flower artificially, so that the light day for it lasts a minimum of 15 hours. In such conditions, the plant can be kept all winter at room temperature.
In April, a new flowering and growth begins. And from June to August, it is best to take the gerbera on the veranda, balcony or garden. In the latter it must be planted without a pot directly into the ground. Only to do it is necessary on a sunny place, sheltered from rains. Top dressing should be carried out only with the help of mineral fertilizers.
Propagation of plants
The easiest way to reproduce gerberas is by dividing the bush. It is necessary to do this so that at least 2 growth points with roots remain on each delenka. After that, you can land, leaving the root neck of the centimeter to 2 above the ground level.
In addition, sometimes gerberas are propagated by cuttings, but this method is much more time consuming. You can notice in the sale seeds of this plant, which must be sown somewhere in April-May. About a week later( if the plant grows at room temperature) shoots should appear. In 30 days it is necessary to hold a pick.