Pharyngitis symptoms treatment
Mar 06, 2018
Pharyngitis is an inflammation of the pharynx, a part of the throat that lies just behind the sky and extends to the Adam's apple( larynx).Inflammation usually occurs when viruses( or sometimes bacteria) get into the throat of a cold, flu or sinus infection. Pharyngitis is observed frequently and rarely is dangerous. In most cases, it passes itself in 3-10 days and does not require any therapy other than taking painkillers to ease discomfort. How to treat folk remedies look here.
However, occasionally, tissues in the throat can swell and make breathing difficult, creating a threat to life. In addition, with strep throat infection( caused by streptococcal bacteria), antibiotics are needed to prevent complications that may occur due to bacteria entering other tissues;complications include rheumatism, a disease that can harm the heart. A rare, but dangerous variety of pharyngitis is diphtheria.
Inflammation of the pharyngeal mucosa may occur acutely or be chronic. The disease is often preceded by acute respiratory infections, influenza and other infectious diseases. Sometimes pharyngitis occurs under the influence of various factors acting directly on the mucous membrane of the pharynx, for example, cold air when breathing through the mouth and talking in the cold, too hot or cold food( drinks), smoke, alcohol, dust, gases, etc.
When acutepharyngitis there is a tingling in the ears.
Mucous membrane of pharynx red, covered with mucopurulent secretion. The patient feels dryness, mild soreness, tension and sorrow in the throat. He is concerned about coughing, pain when swallowing, which often gives into the ear. And swallowing saliva is more painful than food. Body temperature can be normal or slightly elevated.
In acute pharyngitis, warm rinses and alkaline inhalations are usually recommended. If the pain and burning sensation in the throat are strong, the doctor sometimes prescribes painkillers, as well as soothing cough. You should avoid hypothermia, talk less, do not eat sharp, spicy, very hot or cold dishes.
Chronic pharyngitis is caused by local and general causes. To the local include repeated acute inflammation of the pharynx and throat, chronic rhinitis, purulent diseases of the paranasal sinuses, chronic tonsillitis, common causes - metabolic diseases, chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Dry air, dustiness of it, sharp temperature fluctuations and, especially, alcohol abuse and smoking make the course of the disease worse.
Patients usually complain of congestion in the throat of a large amount of viscous mucus, causing irritation and a constant desire to clear their throat. It is especially pronounced in the morning and can be accompanied by even nausea and vomiting.
• The doctor examines the throat and can take a swab from the throat to analyze the culture for the presence of streptococcus or other bacteria.
In chronic pharyngitis, along with the treatment of the underlying disease, measures are taken to remove the accumulating mucus and to remove irritation. For this, it is recommended 3-4 times a day to gargle with a warm solution of baking soda and table salt( 1/4 of a spoonful per glass of water, adding 10 drops of iodine).The same solution can be used to irrigate the pharynx using a spray gun.