Mar 05, 2018
Sinusitis - inflammation of the maxillary sinus, a serious and unpleasant illness. If it is started, doctors will have to do so-called "punctures" -prochelyvat in the nose of the cavity, where pus accumulated, and wash them with furatsillinom. This procedure is very painful, but if it is not done, the accumulated pus can go further - to the brain. The outlook is not out of joy!
The main cause of acute sinusitis is infection - bacteria and viruses penetrate into the sinuses through the nasal cavity, carious teeth or with the outflow of blood from a distant focus of infection and cause inflammation. To the nasal cavity on each side adjoin the accessory maxillary( gimorovy) sinuses. These sinuses are filled with air and are connected by ducts with the nasal cavity. When inhaled, air passes through these ducts to the lungs of a person, and also exits through them when exhaled. Unfortunately, the same path penetrates into the sinuses pathogenic microbes that contribute to the development of sinusitis. Infection in the maxillary sinus is possible with a blood flow, when a person is sick with scarlet fever, flu or measles. Sometimes the cause of the disease can be the presence of sick teeth on the upper jaw, as their roots are very close to the bottom of the maxillary sinus. How to treat this ailment with folk remedies, look here.
Sensation of tension or pain in the affected sinus, violation of nasal breathing, discharge from the nose, breakdown of the sense of smell on the affected side, photophobia and lacrimation. The pain is often spilled, indefinite or localized in the forehead, temple area and occurs at the same time of the day. In the middle nasal passage there is a mucous or mucopurulent fluid, less swelling of the cheek and edema of the upper or lower eyelid. Often there is pain when pressing on the front wall of the maxillary sinus. Body temperature is increased, chills often occur.
In genyantritis a person feels tension or pain in the affected sinus, nasal breathing and smell on the affected side are violated, often there is severe pain in the forehead area, with chewing, tilting the head down. Sometimes the lips are disturbed. Diagnosis of the disease is determined by the doctor.
Usually a conservative treatment method is used, aimed mainly at ensuring the outflow of contents from the maxillary sinuses. In case of fever, bed rest and intake of drugs that lower the temperature are recommended, but antibiotics are used when the organism is highly intoxicated. In the course of the disease, swelling of the mucous membrane of the maxillary sinus gradually occurs. And this, in turn, helps to squeeze out air from it. Breathing is difficult, taste and sense of smell are reduced. Therefore, in order to reduce the swelling of the mucous membrane and improve the outflow of fluid from the sinus, the vasodilating drops are instilled in the nose.
It should be noted that in a neglected case, the disease can go into the chronic form of the disease. This occurs with frequent repeated acute inflammation, and especially with prolonged inflammation of the maxillary sinuses, as well as with a chronic cold.
A significant role is played by the curvature of the septum of the nose, as well as the congenital narrowness of the nasal passages. In this case, the course of the disease depends on the form of the disease. With exudative forms - mostly complaints of the patient for copious discharge from the nose. With a difficult outflow of secretions from the sinuses of discharge from the nose is almost none, patients complain of dryness in the pharynx, expectoration of a large amount of sputum in the morning, bad breath. Usually, pain in the area of the affected sinus is not observed, but it sometimes appears with exacerbation of the process or with difficulty in exudate outflow. In such cases, pain occurs when pressing on the anterior wall of the sinus. The patient occasionally has a headache, there is rapid fatigue and difficulty in concentration. When the disease worsens, swelling of the cheeks and swelling of the eyelids are observed. The course of the disease is long, and treatment should be comprehensive.
Its main direction is the elimination of the cause that supports the inflammatory process in the sinus( adenoid outgrowths, curvature of the septum of the nose, polypous-altered middle shell, carious teeth), as well as ensuring a sufficient outflow of the pathological secret( while performing systematic lubrication of the middle nasal passage with vasoconstrictors).
The basis of sinusitis is swelling of the mucous membrane, so the main treatment is aimed at fighting the swelling of the nasal mucosa. This is achieved by the use of vasoconstrictive drops: naphthyzine, sanorin, tizin, etc.