Substitutes of pesticides of natural origin
Mar 16, 2018
The effectiveness and safety of drugs often contradict each other. Almost all environmentally friendly pesticide protection products, unfortunately, are less effective than their chemical counterparts, but by applying them, you can be sure that there is no harm to the environment. Nevertheless, even they can not be considered completely safe: some of the plants that serve as raw materials are poisonous, so caution does not hurt.
As a rule, vegetable decoctions and infusions are traditionally used to treat plants.
Pepper broth is used against aphids, caterpillars and slugs.200 g of dry crushed pepper is boiled for an hour in 5 liters of water, then insist for two days, and then filter.
You can use it together with a soapy solution: 10 liters of water, 40 g of soap and 100 - 150 g of decoction.
Decoction of horsetail is applied against powdery mildew.300 g of fresh herb soak for 24 hours in 3 liters of cold water;boil and cook for 30 minutes over low heat. Cool, drain and dilute with water 1: 5;Sprinkle once a week.
Decoction of rhubarb leaves is applied against aphids.250 grams of crushed rhubarb leaves pour 1.5 liters of boiling water, insist 15 minutes, strain and spray the plant.
A decoction of tops of tomatoes or nightshade sweet and bitter and black is applied against spider mites and aphids.200 g finely chopped fresh mass should be boiled for half an hour in 5 liters of water.
You can use it together with a soapy solution: 10 liters of water, 30 g of soap and 2 liters of decoction.
Nightshade plants are generally quite poisonous, a close relative of tomatoes and nightshades of sweet bitter and black - potatoes - can also serve to protect against pests.
Infusion of potato leaves is used against aphids.600 g finely chopped fresh potato leaves are poured 5 liters of warm water and insist for 2 - 3 hours. Use it immediately after preparation.
The dandelion infusion is used against aphids and mites.2 kg finely chopped leaves pour 5 liters of warm water and insist for 2 hours. Used immediately after cooking.
Infusion of chamomile is used against aphids and sodas.1.5 kg of fresh greens to insist in 5 liters of hot water. The infusion time is 12-14 hours.
Can be used in conjunction with a soapy solution: 10 liters of water 30 g of soap and 2 liters of infusion.
Infusion of yarrow is used against aphids.400 g of dry mass, pour a small amount of
hot water( so that it covers the ground mass), when it cools down, add water to 5 liters and insist for up to two days. You can add 10 grams of soap to the solution.
Infusion of bitter wormwood( according to the technology of cooking it can be considered a decoction) is used against aphids, mites, caterpillars and many other pests. After a sunny day, wormwood should be boiled in a small amount of water for 10-15 minutes, then add clean water to 5 liters.
Infusion of Persian chamomile( analogue of pyrethrum): 0.5 kg of Persian chamomile for 5 liters of hot water, insist 12 hours.
Infusion of makhorka or tobacco waste is used against aphids.0.5 kg / 5 liters of hot water, infuse for 12 - 14 hours.
Infusion of onion is used against aphids, ticks and other pests.100 - 150 g bulbs scrolled in a meat grinder, pour 5 liters of water, insist two days.
Infusion of garlic is prepared and applied similarly to infusion of onions( 100 g / 5 l).You can just stick a peeled garlic into the ground. Nettle infusion is used against aphids.500 g of fresh, not yet stained nettle, soak for 12-24 hours in 5 liters of water, discarded in a colander and, without diluting, spray the plant repeatedly.
You can use ready-made nettle extract or powder, which are sold in specialized stores.