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  • Red flat lichen - Causes, symptoms and treatment. MF.

    Red flat lichen is a disease characterized by damage to the skin and mucous membranes of a non-infectious person. It is more common in people aged 30 to 60 years, but cases have been described in children. Women are sick more often. If we talk about racial predisposition, then for example the hypertrophic form is more common in the Negroid race. This pathology is not contagious.

    Causes of red flat lichen

    There are many different theories of the appearance of red flat lichen, however, unfortunately, even here it is necessary to recognize that the exact cause is not known. It is noted that the disease occurs after nervous stress( neurological version), there is a genetic predisposition, as well as patients with diabetes mellitus. Deserves attention to the viral theory, the supporter of which is your humble servant. For this theory says the detection of viral changes in cells, the positive effect of antiviral drugs. But the pathogen has yet to be revealed.

    Symptoms of red lichen

    Red lichen ruled from several months to several years( chronic course).In the classical course it is characterized by papular eruptions( superficial, impotent, protruding above the level of the skin formation) and plaques( compacted formation) localized on the flexor surfaces of the forearms, wrists, shins, scalp, genital organs. All this, as a rule, is accompanied by a strong itch. Rashes are characterized by a reddish pink or purple hue in the light( Wickham mesh).They can appear at the site of injury or physical contact( for example, from a plaque belt).This is called the "Köbner phenomenon".On average, 50% of the oral mucosa is affected. Distinguish the following forms of the disease:

    1) Mesh form, which appears a mesh pattern on the mucous cheeks.
    2) Hypertrophic form with papules and Wickham mesh.
    3) Atrophic form with plaques on the body.
    4) Erosive - ulcerative, characterized by the appearance of shallow erosion( superficial skin damage) on the mucous cheeks, gums.
    5) Useless form - painful blisters on the mucous cheeks.

    Symptoms of red flat lichen on body

    Symptoms of red flat lichen in

    language. If we talk about this form of depriving, then, as I consider it, the syphilis saying is the same, that it is the "monkey" of all diseases. A dermatologist will help you to differentiate it successfully with such diseases as: secondary early syphilis( if localized on the genitals), pemphigus( bule form), psoriasis, discoid lupus erythematosus, toxicoderma and others with similar symptoms.

    Diagnosis of red flat lichen

    Diagnosis is made upon visual examination. Actually, if the mucous membranes are damaged, donate blood to syphilis.

    Treatment of red flat lichen

    Each doctor receives a treatment individually for each patient. What is suitable, for example, to you, does not suit another person and vice versa. Desensitizing and antihistamines( claritin, erius, calcium gluconate), vitamins( group A vitamins), anti-viral drugs( cycloferon) are always used. Antibiotics of the tetracycline series( doxycycline) are of great help. Assign and soothing means( tincture of valerian).There is always a local treatment on the skin with hormonal anti-inflammatory ointments( elokam, advantan).And of course, with persistent current, it is necessary to fully examine the body for other chronic diseases.

    Diet during treatment is milky - vegetable. There are no restrictions in the way of life after the transferred therapy.

    The appointment of folk remedies is not forbidden, but only in mono form and under the supervision of a doctor. Otherwise, the disease can go into a chronic form. Used as a local treatment, and general. Locally used vinegar, infusions of marigold, burdock, birch tar. Inside take a variety of infusions: St. John's wort, mnogochalystnik, nettle.

    Complications of red flat lichen

    At the first sign of red flat lichen, immediately consult a doctor. Yes. The disease is not fatal, but successfully passes into a chronic form, and here and cosmetic defects, severe itching, which can well patch the human psyche.

    Consultation of a doctor on the topic of red lichen

    Question: I have a red lichen for 3 years. Repeatedly received treatment, but without success. Recurrences are not less than once every six months. What should I do?
    Answer: Examine other organs and systems. Start the examination with a therapist.

    Question: Is it dangerous for the body to prescribe hormonal ointments with red flat lichen.
    Answer: Not at all. Short-term appointment is effective and safe.

    Question: Have you talked about the viral theory? Does this mean that the disease is contagious?
    Answer: No. The disease is not contagious.

    Doctor dermatologist Mansurov A.S.