Readiness of the child for school education - readiness of children for school education
May 06, 2018
Hardly born, the baby begins. .. to learn. He literally "absorbs" all the information that the world around him can provide. And the task of parents is not only to guide the behavior of the growing child, helping to acquire new knowledge, but also to take care that by the age of 6-7 the baby does not lose the desire to learn. Unfortunately, in high schools, colleges and universities, boys and girls do not explain how to educate and educate their own child. And that's why each of them in his family life is looking for his own ways and techniques. And the ability to compare the "results" of the "work" done appears just at the time when the baby is sent to the first class, causing adults to worry and check the child's readiness for schooling.
So, is there really a single methodology for determining the child's readiness for school? Fortunately - no. You can only highlight the milestones that parents should pay attention to.
First, it is the children's speech readiness for school. The child should be able to speak( and not only in the sense of correct pronunciation of letters and sounds - in this will help classes with a speech therapist).His speech should not be abrupt and reminiscent of a frightened cat rushing about the room. Ideally, one sentence flows smoothly from the other, linking in meaning to the previous and subsequent. It is possible that the child uses a small number of adjectives in his speech, and the descriptions of any objects and actions do not differ in variety( in this case, parents should spend a little more time reading books to the kid, since it is in them that one can find "missing" words).
The next moment in speech readiness is the ability to listen( without interrupting the speaker).However, most of the guys can not concentrate too much on one thing for too long, and although they really try to LISTEN to the speakers, they DO NOT HEAR them( which is checked by a simple request to retell what they just heard).The only way out in such a situation is to replace the adult's monologue with a dialogue between him and the child. The need to answer questions or express your opinion will keep the baby's attention, not letting him be distracted from the conversation.
Do not forget about training the memory of the future student. The simplest thing is to teach poems and songs to the baby. Slightly harder is to be able to remember and analyze what you see( for example, a picture in a book or a landscape outside a window).After all, kids differ in the feature of seeing very "narrowly", not paying attention to the whole picture, they snatch out of it only certain fragments( so the child running behind the ball rolling to the roadway does not see the car approaching him).
Secondly, there is such a thing as "the psychological readiness of the child for school."By six or seven years, the baby usually enters the "independence" phase, creating around him his own world. He already has his friends, his interests, his secrets. He is already ready for change and is waiting for them, feeling that he has grown up. It is desirable that he perceive schooling as a new step that raises him above younger children and brings them closer to adults( or to older children in the family) by increasing the amount of knowledge and the appearance of certain duties, as well as greater confidence in him from the parents.
However, not all children adapt easily to school.
If the kid:
- feels uncomfortable in a group of his peers;
- is afraid to stay long without parents;
- prefers to perform any actions only under strict guidance from adults( not showing any initiative);
- encountering difficulties, expects help from mom or dad, not trying to solve the problem on their own;
- does not report in its actions, ignoring the comments of adults.
So the transition to "school" independence can be very difficult for a child to experience.
The reason for this "anomalous" behavior in rare cases are the features of the development of the baby, requiring medical supervision. Basically, this "dependent" behavior is the result of excessive custody of the child( who, incidentally, understands this perfectly and derives a lot of benefit from the situation for himself).As an "inoculation" it is possible to recommend visiting a preschool child with a child with a qualified educator and a well-proven program for preparing children for school( this can be clarified by the mothers of children who have already finished first grade and who previously visited the kindergarten that attracted you).If, for some reason, the parents prefer not to give the child to kindergarten, it is worthwhile for the baby to find other collective activities( for example, visiting the playroom or some circles) at least a couple of times a week.
The physical readiness of the child for school is equally important, since a long hours sitting at a desk with short changes for rest is by no means favorable for a growing organism. The load on the spine( expressed in a very heavy "baggage of knowledge" - the portfolio - and the inappropriate position of the baby at the desk) leads not only to its curvature, but also to insufficient supply of blood and oxygen to the clamped internal organs( later reflected on the brain work).In addition, communication with the mass of children and adults, some of whom periodically become carriers of a variety of viral infections, leads to the disease of a child with weakened immunity( and then to its lagging behind the school curriculum and to an even greater mental strain).
That's why it's so important that a child goes to school in the most healthy condition, with good immunity, physically developed and not neglecting physical exercises. The best option is an additional visit to the sports sections. At the same time, there is no need to make the future champion of a sport from the child. Moreover, today the children's doctors recommend periodically "changing" the sports sections, so that the growing body of the child does not receive a "one-sided" development due to the constant load of the same muscles.
Read or not read?
Should the future student be able to read? The answer depends on two important points:
- the desires of the child( do not let him if he wants to learn to read, but do not insist if he is not interested);
- school requirements, in which you are going to give the child.
Depending on which school program the child is engaged in, the ability to read before entering the first grade may not even be welcomed by the teachers. Firstly, such an "advanced" student will be bored in the lessons( while the "laggards" will try to make the first words of letters and syllables).Secondly, you will for sure start teaching your child by the method( in this case, most likely, chosen intuitively or on the basis of appropriate teaching aids), different from the program and way of teaching in school. This can cause the baby to react to "rejection" of another type of teaching and, in the future, the child may simply refuse to attend classes because of the remarks that the teacher will make to him. But it is not forbidden to parents to help their first-grader to master the most difficult parts of the curriculum.