Allergic asthma or all the blame for allergens!
Allergy. Perhaps there is no one who is not familiar with this in general medical term. Already in the conversations it sounds: "you are allergic".
What is it and how is it expressed? This is the defense of the body when the immune system decides that a malicious attack has occurred. Allergen in the respiratory tract - the immune system reacts sensitively. The muscle tissue of the respiratory tract is sharply reduced-bronchospasm. Immediately the pathways become inflamed and thick mucus overflows. The usual manifestations of this:
- abundant tears,
- nasal congestion of
- discharge from the nose.
No one will spare this "pulmonary plague": children, old people, youth, teenagers. The disease represents a potential threat to human life - anaphylactic shock, and an asthma attack is extremely dangerous. Allergic asthma is a common form of the disease. In this form of asthma attacks occur due to the effects of an allergen. Asthma disease is the influence of external factors. There are infectious and non-infectious allergens.
Many of the known to everyone are non-infectious: dust, pollen, feathers, feathers, insects, products, as well as pollutants - chemicals that accumulate in the atmosphere in high concentrations.
The category of non-infectious allergens also includes medicines. There are a lot of them. This and acetylsalicylic acid, analgin, iodine-containing drugs and injectable antibiotics and ACTH, novocaine, sulfonamide preparations, vaccines, serums, painkillers. Infectious same allergens: chronic infection and inflammation.
Symptoms of allergic asthma
Fits of intermittent breathing, wheezing or wheezing in the chest, deepening with deep breathing, dry cough or with the departure of small clots of light sputum.
A paroxysmal dry cough is a sign of allergic bronchial asthma, its cough variant.
Knowing the type of allergen, we can talk about the frequency of seizures, the more often the patient contacts - the frequency of attacks increases. So have a clear seasonal( spring-summer) pollen allergy and everything associated with plants.
There is also a constant allergic asthma, which depends on the products consumed during the day. Often in children, seizures occur after intensive physical exertion - this is bronchoconstriction.
How to relieve an attack?
This attack can not be confused with anything. Events quickly and rapidly develop: shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing, inability to breathe, impaired coordination, weak lungs. How to relieve an asthma attack? The most effective will be to calm down, sit on a chair, open a window and use a dosed inhaler.
Inhalation with asthma is an extremely necessary use of bronchodilator drugs, which quickly affect the smooth muscles of the bronchi and relieve suffocation.
Positive effect is the reception of antihistamines( cetrine, zirtek, eryus) and especially inhalation( salbutamol, berodual).When taking pills, the action comes in half an hour. A person feels dying, the feeling of the end of the world. Inhalers are more powerful, convenient and always at hand.
If no medication has helped, call a doctor immediately. Will make intravenous or intramuscular injection of hormonal drugs - prednisolone or dexamethasone. If the condition worsens, the hospital is placed.
Treatment and prevention of the disease
Is it impossible to recover from this insidious disease? Everything is possible. For the treatment of allergic asthma, first of all, the identification of specific allergens and the elimination of all contact with them.
First of all, daily wet cleaning, airing an apartment, destroying old dusting things. There are no animals in the house, because they are not hypoallergenic. A patient with a pollen allergy should know the flowering calendar of plants and do not contact with allergens, more be at home with closed windows. When confronting allergies to food, compliance with individual diets.
And, of course, there should be a comprehensive treatment under the supervision of a doctor, with strict adherence to his recommendations. There are two medical directions:
They offer each their methods.
The patient can choose one or combine and combine both, increasing efficiency. For health any means are good. But the attending physician should be aware of the drugs taken, their interaction: medicinal herbs in some combinations will harm and aggravate the situation.
Medical preparations for the treatment of bronchial asthma are the basis for combating the inevitable inflammatory processes. Proper treatment - this is a universal remedy Claritin, rinsing with salt solution, the use of nasal sprays and strong antihistamines.
So that the patient can control and relieve the symptoms of asthma, there are various drugs. These include inhalation steroids, long-acting inhaled bronchodilators, inhalers and tablets.
Prednisone can be taken for several days. It helps with serious attacks of bronchial asthma. To try an injection of Xolair, lowering the level of immunoglobulin E in the body, it is possible in the event that traditional therapy and drugs do not help.
Elementary rules help reduce the risk. To lead a healthy lifestyle, monitor nutrition, strengthen immunity, exercise, and often visit the fresh air. All. So simple, but it works. Allergic asthma is not terrible.