Prevention and causes of bronchitis in children
With the onset of autumn colds, a period of illness of people with a weak immune system occurs. Children are most at risk, because their bodies are much weaker and insecure than adults.
Babies often catch infections and runny nose - this is the lesser of evils. Unfortunately, bronchitis is one of the common childhood diseases. This is a lesion of bronchial mucosa, which is accompanied by constriction and edema of the respiratory tract. As a result - shortness of breath, cough.
Prevention of bronchitis in children is a very important component of a healthy lifestyle that will help reduce the likelihood of the disease, or at least smooth out the symptoms.
Prevention is necessary not only for those who often get sick, but also for healthy babies. The main component - maintaining a healthy diet, daily walks in the fresh air, if possible, a vacation near the sea.
If all the same the baby has the first symptoms of the disease, it is necessary to start using any multivitamins( this should be consulted with the doctor).Particular attention should be paid to children who are often ill with colds or have a genetic predisposition to respiratory diseases or any allergies.
It is important to remember that after a cured bronchial disease the child's body needs rehabilitation, so it is worthwhile to stock up with vitamin complexes, which the doctor will advise in such cases.
Causes of bronchitis in children
The main cause of this disease is a recent illness, which affects the baby's airways, for example, all known flu.
Bronchitis can also occur when bacteria enter the baby's lungs. The likelihood of the disease is also great when affected by chemical vapor, for example, by inhaling gasoline fumes or tobacco smoke. A good reason to get rid of this addiction.
Bronchitis can also be allergic, as a result of the influence of irritants on the mucosa of the baby's bronchi. There are, unfortunately, some respiratory defects. Bronchitis can be one of the manifestations of this disease.
It is very difficult for an infant to determine the initial stage of bronchitis. It is necessary to know how this disease occurs in infants. It begins, it, as a rule, with a dry short cough, which eventually changes into wet, with phlegm.
The baby can not properly cough off the mucus, so again and again swallows it. Therefore, with bronchitis, babies sometimes develop vomiting.
Bronchitis in a child 2 years of age is diagnosed as well. If the baby coughs, loses appetite and activity, lies with a high fever, maybe he gets sick.
Bronchitis in a child 1 year of life should be carefully observed by a doctor. Because badly cured acute bronchitis will certainly lead to very undesirable consequences, possibly, it will develop into chronic, or worse, pneumonia.
There are also such signs of bronchitis in the baby: this is undoubtedly a breezy breath, complicated, with a whistle or wheezing. Also, high fever and lack of appetite.
If all of these symptoms are present, you should immediately contact a doctor. He as an expert will inspect the baby and understand what the degree of the disease. In connection with this and the age of the child, he will determine the treatment needed.
Bronchitis for children is treated, first of all, by old proven methods - clean comfortable bed, plenty of drink, warm comfortable clothes. The rest is only on the advice of a doctor. No antibiotics, independently designated by parents.
Bronchitis in newborns, as a rule, is a consequence of a disease that was previously suffered or a reaction to infectious damage to the mucous infants. Bronchitis in infants is not always treated with medicines, and even more so with antibiotics.
It is necessary in time to suck off the mucus from the baby's spout( it's good to use massage and compresses that help get rid of sputum), compliance with bed rest, a diet based on milk and plant products.
But if a child has too much difficulty breathing, or shortness of breath, body temperature is more than 38 degrees and does not fall off, then this is an excuse even for calling an ambulance. It is better not to engage in self-medication, and when diagnosed as "bronchitis in children" treatment should appoint a doctor, not parents.
This will eliminate unwanted and dangerous consequences for the health of the child and will cure him as soon as possible with the least harm. It should be remembered that untreated bronchitis can become pneumonia. This is a much more serious disease, which is much more difficult to cure.