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  • Cleansing large

    Sedum maximum

    Cleansing grows wild in the central and western regions of European Russia, most often found in light broad-leaved forests. The purification is a type of plant succulents, which gives reason to consider the possibility of its

    application as a biogenic stimulant, such as, for example, aloe.

    Description: a perennial herbaceous plant 40-80 cm high with a thickened spindle-shaped root. Leaves are juicy, fleshy, opposite, oblong-elliptical.

    , 5-13 cm long. Inflorescence dense, corymbose, 6-10 cm wide. Flowers small with whitish-pink speckled corolla, sepals 5, petals 5, stamens 10, almost equal in length to corolla. Fruit is a complex leaflet. Fruits from July to October.

    Ingredients: the juice contains lemon, oxalic, malic acids, as well as traces of alkaloids. When stimulating the leaves according to the method of Filatov( the leaves were kept for 2 weeks in the dark at 5 ° C), the amount of citric and oxalic acids increased twofold.

    Cultivation: cleansing prefers sunny, but not hot areas or light penumbra. This rather unpretentious plant develops better on light or medium dry soils with a rather high content of humus. In this regard, the site for growing the purification should be prepared in the autumn, making digest compost, reparted manure, lament grass, foliage. In heavy soils it is necessary to add sand. Reproduction of the cleansing is carried out by dividing the bush or by root layers, which are placed in grooves to a depth of 2-2.5 cm and ground by soil. Cleansing prefers dry soils, so watering can be rare, only in arid periods. This plant is perfect for growing in tubs.

    Collection: tender shoots and fresh leaves are harvested, except for flowering time, they are consumed only in fresh form.

    Medicinal properties: juice from shoots and fresh leaves cleansing has a blood-curative and diuretic effect. As a biogenic preparation infusion, purification stimulates metabolic processes in the body.

    Application: the "BioSed" preparation, which is an aqueous extract of grass, is cleansed for treatment of a large, aloe-cooked type of biogenic preparations. The indications are the same as for the preparations of aloe - stimulation of metabolic processes. In cooking, fresh leaves are cleaned in a small amount in salads, mixtures of herbs and sauces.

    Primula officinalis

    Primula veris

    Included in the list of protected plants! Widely distributed in the forest and forest-steppe zones of the European part of Russia, in the Urals and in Western Siberia, there is another closely related species - the primrose coarse ( Primula macro-calyx Bge.). There are also other names of primrose - primula officinalis and lamb.

    Description: Grassy perennial you-

    honeycomb to 25 cm, rhizome short, seated with cord-like white roots. Leaves ovate or oblong-ovate wrinkled, on petioles, collected in basal rosette. Flowers bright yellow with a pleasant honey smell, sit on thin?pedicels, forming a drooping umbellate inflorescence, which ends the leafless flower arrow. Fruit is an ovate multifamily capsule. Blooms in May, when the forests are little shaded foliage, the fruits ripen in July.

    Composition: in the aerial parts, the active ingredients are vitamins - ascorbic acid( about 5%), carotene( up to 3 mg);e roots - glycosides, saponins and essential oil. In addition, all parts contain a large number of manganese salts.

    Cultivation: the basic requirements for the cultivation of the primrose - the sunny areas of calcareous soils, fertilized by regular composting, the implementation of mulching. Sowing is carried out in August, seedlings are planted in May of the next year at a distance of 30 x 25 cm. Perhaps growing in tubs.

    Collection: leaves are collected by hand during the flowering period. The roots of the primrose are excavated in autumn after the end of the vegetative period, washed in water, allowed to dry in the fresh air and finely chopped. Dry in a place protected from the sun.

    Medicinal properties: roots and rhizomes are prescribed as an expectorant: they help secrete the secrets of the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract and bronchi, with respiratory diseases( bronchitis, whooping cough, asthma) due to the glycosides contained in them, for colds, flu, rheumatism

    primrose preparations also have a weak diuretic and diaphoretic effect, increase gastric secretion and increase overall metabolism. Flowers in folk medicine are recommended as a remedy against headache, nervous weakness and insomnia.

    Application: Primrose is usually prescribed as a part of various anti-inflammatory and expectorant charges for the treatment of diseases of the upper respiratory tract, chronic tracheitis, bronchitis and bronchopneumonia. Primrose is used in combination with a pharmacy chamomile, a calendula officinalis, angelica and anise. The increased content of ascorbic acid and vitamin A in the plant makes it possible to use primrose in avitaminosis. Floral arrows can be used for food in fresh form. Young leaves of the primrose can also be used as a salad. This is very useful, since by spring, the body lacks many vitamins, especially ascorbic acid.